Folio from the Koran ca.12th century Ink, opaque watercolor and gold on paper Iran
“By the twelfth century a number of regional kufic styles, each with its own distinct ornamental features, developed throughout the Islamic world. This folio from a Koran is written in the “eastern” kufic script favored in Iran and Central Asia. Slender, elongated letters with certain flourishes predominate, and the vertical strokes often terminate in “barbed” heads. The development of this elegant and fluid script coincided with the widespread use of paper, which allowed for a greater degree of experimentation with size, format, and calligraphic styles.
The text is from the seventy-seventh chapter, entitled “Those Sent Forth” (Al-Mursalat), which describes the horrors of the hereafter for those who reject the truth.”